Education in Slovakia is governed by Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport. Educational system differs from country to country. In Slovakia, the first university was settled by an Austrian King Matej Corvin in 1467 called Universitatis Istropolitana in Bratislava, which means ”University in the town close to the river Donau” and scholars from all around the Europe were gathering there, mainly from Wien, Warsaw, Budapest (Buda and Pest) and so on. As in the other European cities, our education is the result of long-time progress, culture and influence of many other European nations. For example, Maria Theresa – the only female ruler of the Habsburgs dominions. This lady was not only loved by people but very intelligent queen. In 1774, she enacts a law “The General School Regulations” under which, schools became public and set up a compulsory education for children aged 6 to 12 was introduced. She reformed education in the best possible ways which was appreciated in the age of “illumination”, where knowledge, science and teachers were in the foreground and respected.

Actually, in in Slovakia we have three levels of education: primary, secondary and tertiary. There is also nursery school for kids younger than six, but it is usually not educational institution as the rest of the schools. Primary schools are for the children of the age 6 to 15 and finished by “monitoring” which says about student how much did they learn during the 9 years as well as according to this test high schools pick and accept students. It is divided and two stages – first one: from 1st to 4th grade, from which the brightest students can go and attend gymnasium, and second stage is from 5th till 9th stage. During primary school kids learn about all important and usual subjects such as languages, math, history, later on also chemistry or psychics. Kids get general education. Normal day in the school starts at 8 am and lessons consist of 45 min. it is usual to have around 6 lessons a day, and school ends around 2 pm. Then younger kids can stay afterschool and play with other kids, older kids and teens usually have extracurricular activities.

Life in high school is harder for students. In Slovakia, we have specialized high school for specific fields, such a high school of technics, nursery, auto-mechanics or hospitality and so on. These are mostly for student who already know what they would like to do, or to pursue their profession is possible without achieving academic diploma. Students get licence to practice their dream professions. Then there are high schools called “gymnasium” where kids are preparing for academic fields. This school is also considered as general institution because students learn every subject as on primary school, but deeper. Schedule is very similar to the one on high school, but high school last for 4 years and attendance is obligatory to the second grade, but usually all students finish high school. The high school is finished with diploma called “maturita” and it is a very important document. It showed your attendance, and grades from exams from at least four subjects that you picked. The specialization is usually the one you want to study at university.

Nowadays, we have private and public universities. In most cases, private means better but not in Slovakia. Our public school are the best and the oldest ones in the country with highest quality education. Slovak university students do not have to pay fees for Slovak programmes, not even foreigners, but did not get any scholarships from government- unless students with social inequalities. Universities are paid by state. Usually universities last for five years, but some six – mainly medicine or law schools. Slovak universities offer variety of educational programmes in Slovak or English language. University life is pretty much the same as at any other university. It consists of lecture and seminars, eventually also practices.

Education in Slovakia is governed by Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport. Educational system differs from country to country. In Slovakia, the first university was settled by an Austrian King Matej Corvin in 1467 called Universitatis Istropolitana in Bratislava, which means ”University in the town close to the river Donau” and scholars from all around the Europe were gathering there, mainly from Wien, Warsaw, Budapest (Buda and Pest) and so on. As in the other European cities, our education is the result of long-time progress, culture and influence of many other European nations. For example, Maria Theresa – the only female ruler of the Habsburgs dominions. This lady was not only loved by people but very intelligent queen. In 1774, she enacts a law “The General School Regulations” under which, schools became public and set up a compulsory education for children aged 6 to 12 was introduced. She reformed education in the best possible ways which was appreciated in the age of “illumination”, where knowledge, science and teachers were in the foreground and respected.

Actually, in in Slovakia we have three levels of education: primary, secondary and tertiary. There is also nursery school for kids younger than six, but it is usually not educational institution as the rest of the schools. Primary schools are for the children of the age 6 to 15 and finished by “monitoring” which says about student how much did they learn during the 9 years as well as according to this test high schools pick and accept students. It is divided and two stages – first one: from 1st to 4th grade, from which the brightest students can go and attend gymnasium, and second stage is from 5th till 9th stage. During primary school kids learn about all important and usual subjects such as languages, math, history, later on also chemistry or psychics. Kids get general education. Normal day in the school starts at 8 am and lessons consist of 45 min. it is usual to have around 6 lessons a day, and school ends around 2 pm. Then younger kids can stay afterschool and play with other kids, older kids and teens usually have extracurricular activities.

Life in high school is harder for students. In Slovakia, we have specialized high school for specific fields, such a high school of technics, nursery, auto-mechanics or hospitality and so on. These are mostly for student who already know what they would like to do, or to pursue their profession is possible without achieving academic diploma. Students get licence to practice their dream professions. Then there are high schools called “gymnasium” where kids are preparing for academic fields. This school is also considered as general institution because students learn every subject as on primary school, but deeper. Schedule is very similar to the one on high school, but high school last for 4 years and attendance is obligatory to the second grade, but usually all students finish high school. The high school is finished with diploma called “maturita” and it is a very important document. It showed your attendance, and grades from exams from at least four subjects that you picked. The specialization is usually the one you want to study at university.

Nowadays, we have private and public universities. In most cases, private means better but not in Slovakia. Our public school are the best and the oldest ones in the country with highest quality education. Slovak university students do not have to pay fees for Slovak programmes, not even foreigners, but did not get any scholarships from government- unless students with social inequalities. Universities are paid by state. Usually universities last for five years, but some six – mainly medicine or law schools. Slovak universities offer variety of educational programmes in Slovak or English language. University life is pretty much the same as at any other university. It consists of lecture and seminars, eventually also practices.

Nikola Kurnavova

Author/Owner